Livingstone is the home of the Victoria Falls, locally known as Mosi ou Tunya, which means the smoke that thurders. The Victoria Falls is one of the largest and most beautiful waterfalls in the world. The Victoria Falls is partly in Zambia and partly in Zimbabwe. Until 2012, Livingstone was the capital of the Southern Province of Zambia. Lying 10 km (6.2 mi) to the north of the Zambezi River, it is a tourism centre for the Victoria Falls and a border town with road and rail connections to Zimbabwe on the other side of the Victoria Falls. A historic British colonial city, its present population was estimated at 136,897 inhabitants at the 2010 census. It is named after David Livingstone, the British explorer and missionary who was the first European to explore the area.